Indian Food

Makar Sankranti Food and Traditions to Celebrate the Festival

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Published: 31. December 2020. – Update: 24. 20 January 2021, Rekha Kakkar – This post may contain affiliate links.

Makar Sankranti: recipes and ideas for food to cook and enjoy on Makar Sank from different parts of India.

Makar Sankranti or Sankranthi is celebrated throughout India under various regional names such as Bihu, Pongal and Lohri. In this post, I am sharing with you some recipes that you can make for the Makar Sankranti festival.

The year has begun and the new year brings us a new calendar! The 14th. The month of January is celebrated as the holiday of Makar Sankranti or Magi Sangrande. We associate this day with kite flying, dahi, do chikki (sesame crunch) and lots of entertainment and festivities. This day marks the entry of the sun into the sign of Capricorn.

It has many names: In western India it is celebrated as Makar Sankranti, in the south as Pongal and in the north as Lohri. This day usually marks the beginning of the famous Kumbh Mela in Uttar Pradesh and the end of the harvest season in Punjab and other parts of North India.

I have collected the dishes and recipes of Makar Sankranti that are served during the festival in different states of India on this auspicious day, which also marks the new year according to the Hindu calendar.

Makar Sankranti Hichdi Recipe Watch video


Meaning of makar sancrarti and food served

Makar Sankranti or Magi as it is called in Punjab, this solar event is one of the few Hindu festivals that fall on the same day of the year even in the desi calendar. So it falls on a fixed day every year. The festival also marks the transition of the sun (in its celestial orbit) to Makar Rashi.

In India, no celebration is complete without food, hence the many culinary traditions of Sankranti makar observed across India. Below is a collection of some popular Makar Sankranti recipes that are served and eaten on that day.

Til Chikkis / Laddus

Any celebration of Makar Sankranti is incomplete without these sweets that are shared and consumed throughout the day. They are made from sesame seeds (til) and tar (gud).

People eat til chikki and panjiri laddu with the words eat these sesame seeds and say sweet words. By handing out these delicious treats, people decide to bury the past and start a productive chapter in their lives. Sesame/tea dishes are common throughout India and are served with coconut and jaggery in South India.

Chivda Kurd (Dahi Chudi)

It is a special dish of Makar Sankrati in Bihar. A feature of Indian traditions is a simple mixture of rice (chura or chivra) and curd (dahi). Instead of sugar, we prefer jam to sweeten the dish and give it an authentic taste. You can also add freshly chopped vegetables and a little milk to make the dish healthy and nutritious.

Hichdi Papad

No festival is complete without the authentic presence of fragrant hichdi and deep-fried papad in the homes of North Indians. Different states in India prepare different types of khichdas.

  1. The recipe of Bagari Hichdi
  2. Recipe Mung Dal Khichdi
  3. Recipe Chana Dal Hichdi
  4. Magi Hichdi
  5. Quinoa Hichdi, a healthy vegetable
  6. Dalia Hishdi

Hichdi is a mixture of lentils (daal) and rice (shawal) cooked together in a mysterious blend of spices. Vegetables such as potatoes, peas and cauliflower can be added to this healthy dish and served with freshly grilled or baked papadas. Recipe of Makar Sankranti Hichadi here

Churma, Halva and Khir

Sweet Rajasthani Churma is a delicious combination of wheat roasted in ghee and sugar with dried fruits to enhance the taste. Suji halwa and khir (many varieties of kheer) dominate the cuisines of Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh and add sweetness to the occasion.

We enjoy Gur ki rewdi, peanuts (moongphali) and popcorn in Punjab homes to celebrate the festival of Lohri.

Puran Poly

This dish is originally from Maharashtra and is eaten by many people during the Makar Sankranti and other festivals. It is a classic flatbread filled with chopped jam, fried and pounded khan dal, mixed with dol (sesame seeds) and toasted gram flour. Poor Poly is usually served with flakes of melted ghee poured over it.


Gujarat Makar celebrates Sankrati festival with their favourite food, Undhyu and Khalebi. Other foods from Makar Sankaranti in Gujarat are basundi, till ki chikki, khikhdo and gundar paak. In Gujarat, this festival is known as Uttarayan.

Gujarati Undhiyu is a simple and hearty dish of Gujarati cuisine, usually prepared in winter. The usual recipe takes a lot of time, but this recipe simplifies making undhiyu and, as far as I know, it tastes like an authentic undhiyu recipe.

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Patishapta, Bengal Puli Pite

Makar Sankranti is known as Push Sankranti in the state of West Bengal. Different types of patishapta, pite puli and pajesh are popular foods for Makar Sankranti in Assam, Oddis and West Bengal.

Saqqarai Pongal in South India

Traditional Sakkarai pngal is prepared with rice, jaggery, lung dal and cashew nuts in ghee. Makar Sankranti is celebrated as a festival of abundance and is known as Pongal in the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu.

Makar Sankranti Food is important because it has symbolic value – completeness and productivity. We wish you a happy day and a happy new year!


frequently asked questions

What do you eat at Makara Sankranti?

02/5The mythological significance of the deity is the hichdi, prepared from rice, lentils and haldi at the Makar Sankranti festival, where blessings are sought for the coming harvest season, which is expected to be abundant.

Why do we celebrate Makar Sankranti festival?

Makar Sankranti, or Uttarayan or Magi or simply Sankranti, is a holiday in the Hindu calendar dedicated to the deity Surya (Sun). Celebrated each year on the day the sun enters the zodiac of Capricorn, corresponding to the month of January according to the Gregorian calendar.

How do we celebrate Makar Sankranti?

Makar Sankranti

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